Professional Expertise, Continuing Professional Development and Lesson Study

Masataka Kizuka


The aim of this paper is to answer the questions on attributes of schoolteachers as professionals by exploring their professional expertise and to illustrate how it is created, developed, enhanced and improved. Some specific sets of professional expertise of schoolteachers have been identified as being in common with medical doctors. Especially case-based knowledge is crucial to achieve the goal of Continuing Professional Development (CPD). One of the feasible and appropriate approaches for schoolteachers to acquire professional expertise would lie in Lesson Study, which originates in Japan and has a long history in Japanese schools as the most common CPD method. It specifically aims to prioritise learning by pupils in the classroom, to take a qualitative approach and to exchange varieties of views of the facts occurring in the classroom in order to obtain multiple perspectives from different angles. Therefore, it can be concluded that Lesson Study holds the key to succeed in the way forward of Initial Teacher Education (ITE), Teacher Education (TE) and CPD: It would become a solid future model of ITE and TE, which surely would be able to produce, in Indonesia as well, schoolteachers with professional expertise.

Kata Kunci

Continuing Professional Development (CPD); Professional Expertise; Schoolteachers; Cases; Lesson Study

Teks Lengkap:



Kizuka, M. 2012. “Reflective Practice in Professional Education—Seeking a Bridge Between Teacher Education and the Education of Medical Doctors on the Basis of Donald Schön’s Work—”. The Journal of Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine. pp.247-255.

Kizuka, M. 2013. “2.2 The Expertise of Teachers and Medical Doctors: What Do They Have in Common as Professionals?”. IATEFL 2012 Glasgow Conference Selections. pp.21-23.

Leitch, R. & Day, C. 2000. "Action research and reflective practice: towards a holistic view". The Educational Action Research 8 (1), pp.179-193.

Fleming, K. 2007. “What does Society Require of Its Doctors?—Unique Characteristics of the Doctors in 21st Century”. Anglo-Japanese Conference on Medical Education 2005. pp.91-95.

Kizuka, M. 2017. “Back to Basics: What is Lesson Study?—The Way Forward—”. In The 11th Annual Conference of the World Association of Lesson Studies Post Conference 2017, No.10, pp.1-12. The World Association of Lesson Studies.

Akita, K. 2006. Lesson Study and Discourse Analysis. Open University Press.

Department for Education. 2010. The Importance of Teaching: The Schools White Paper 2010. London: The Department for Education.

General Medical Council. 2018. Outcomes for graduates 2018. London: The General Medical Council.

Inagaki, T. 1986. Enhancing and Improving Quality of Lessons. Tokyo:

Lynn, L. E. 1999. Teaching & Learning with Cases: A Guidebook. Chatham House Publishers.

Shön, D. 1983. The Reflective Practitioner: How professional think in action. London: Temple Smith.

Wallace, S. 2008. Oxford Dictionary of Education. Oxford University Press.

Article Metrics

Sari view : 37 times
PDF - 26 times


  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.