The Risk Factors That Correlated With Musculoskeletal Complaints At 5th Grade Students in Pioneer School, West Java Years 2017

Muhammad Hidayat Sahid, Andriani Pratiwi

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Musculosceletal Disorder (MSD) is a current phenomenon that occur in the student as the effect of sitting in a long duration while lecturing. Most of student activities spend by sitting in the classroom as consequent long duration of time studying that have to be Attended.Supporting cheerfulness in the studying is important to match the concept of desk and chair the which is suitable with anthropometry or criteria, such as desk and chair the which are ergonomic. This research Aimed to identify the risk factors that correlated with Musculoskeletal complaints in 5th grade student at Pioneer School. Design used in this research is correlative roomates amount of of participants is 100 and statistical analyzes was perfomed with the chi-square test.Musculoskeletal complaints were uncorrelated with sitting posture (α> 0.05, p = 0.202) of Pioneer School pupils. Result of ergonomic analysis about a desk and chair design based on the pupil's anthropometry were desk and chair did not met suitable with anthropometry include seat height, seat length, backrest lower edge height, backrest upper edge height, chair height, desk height and desk width. Dimensions such as seat slope, thickness cushioned seat, backrest angle, length desk, desk platform thickness and footrest height had not met the standard available yet. Musculoskeletal complaints were Significantly correlated with desk design based on the pupil's anthropometry (α <0.05, p = 0.004) and musculoskeletal complaints Also were Significantly correlated with chair design based on the pupil's anthropometry (α <0.05, p = 0.00). Researcher suggest another research performed about the need to musculoskeletal complaints in all student in Pioneer School. Recommended that school pay attention to the ergonomic aspect and change Gradually for desk and chair dimension.


Kata Kunci


Sitting posture, musculoskeletal complaints, anthropometry, desk dimension, chair dimension

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Referensi


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