Maria Anggryani Eno Toda, Imam Ghozali


The objectives of this research are (1) to describe patterns of maxims violation made by the characters, and (2) to find out reasons why the characters violate the maxims in ‘’Maleficent” movie. This research belongs to a discourse study. The data for this study are 25 dialogues uttered by the characters and uses Grice’s theory of cooperative principle and its maxims to describe the utterances and patterns of the violation of the maxims. The researchers also use Goffman’s theory, Christoffersen’ theory and Khosravizadeh and Sadehvandi’s idea to analyze the reasons why the characters violate the maxims. The findings show that there are two patterns of maxims violations namely violation one maxim and more than one maxims. In addition, there are seven reasons used by the characters to violate the maxims. The most frequent reason is hiding the truth (20 times), followed by saving face (15), avoiding discussion (5 times), expressing feelings (4 times), pleasing the hearer (3 times), avoiding punishment (2), and the last is building someone’s belief (1 time).

Kata Kunci

maxims; cooperative principle

Teks Lengkap:



Cutting, J. (2002). Pragmatics and Discourse. A Resource Book for Students. London: Routledge.

Goffman, E. (2008). Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behavior. Far Hill: Pantheon Books.

Grice, H.P. (1975). Logic and Conversation. In P. Cole & J. Morgan (Eds), Syntax & Semantics 3: Speech acts (pp.4-5). New York: Academic Press.

Yule, G. (2006). The study of Language. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Chirstoffersen. (2005). White Lies. Retrieved June 2nd 2016 from (

Khosravizadeh, P & Sadehvandi, N. (2011). Some instances of violations and flouting of the maxim of quantity by the main character (Barry and Tim) in Dinner for schmucks, IPEDR (Vol. 26) Singapore: IACSIT Press. Retrieved June 2nd 2016 from


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ISSN: 2579-6038 (Cetak)

ISSN: 2579-6046 (Online)

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