HEGEMONI DALAM NOVEL INDONESIA PARA PRIYAYI KARYA UMAR KAYAM: SEBUAH KAJIAN BUDAYA

Wijaya Heru Santoso

Sari


This paper contains a study of hegemony in the novel Para Priyayi  by Umar Kayam and other forms of hegemony are held by the ruling group. The theory is used to analyze data is the theory of the formation of culture to dominant, residual, and emergent developed by Williams (1989). The results of the study showed that the hegemony contained in the novel The Priyayi is hegemony groups as the dominant group or groups hegemonic to civil society. In the days before World War II, the hegemony committed by the Dutch Government by way of consensus: member high salaries to employees government and implement controls to sanction every effort to government employees who read and hang out with people or groups of the emergent movement. During the time of World War II hegemony committed by the Japanese government to control strict, militaristic, and miserable priayi and civilians. There is the time of independence, hegemony committed by groups or emergent movement. At era, New Order hegemony committed by the military as the dominant group prioritizes strict and authoritarian control. The form of hegemony committed by the dominant form of political hegemony of language, education, and mass media. In the face of the hegemony of the priayi group acts as a group subordinate rulers as  dominant hegemonic group.


Kata Kunci


hegemony, dominant, residual, emergent, priayi

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Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa Yogyakarta