VERBA PERBUATAN DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA

Nana Novita Sari, Mukhlish Mukhlish

Sari


The aims of this research are (1) to describe the form of action verb in the Indonesian language, (2) determine the affixes maker of action verb in the Indonesian language, (3)  describe the semantic valence level of action verb in Indonesian language, and (4) describe the semantic role marker valence level of action verb in Indonesian language. This research is descriptive qualitative research. The data of this research covers sentences which have action verb on them. The data collection was taken from (1) newspaper of Suara Merdeka (Maret 2018), (2) Kumpulan Cerpen Agama Apa yang Pantas Bagi Pohon Pohon (2016), (3) novel Dilan (2015), and (4) the book of Sejarah Indonesia Kelas XI (2017). The method used in this research was observed attentively by taking note technique. The data analysis method used in this research was to distribute evenly method with direct divide-element technique, reserve side technique, expansion technique, form-changed technique, and read markup technique. This research describes in an informal method. The result of this research as follows  (1) the form of the action verb is an infinitive verb and the descend of affixes, (2) the affixes of action verb in the Indonesian language are prefixes: meng-, ber-, and ter-. Confix ber-an and the combination of affixes ber- / –an; meng- / –kan; and meng- / -i, (3) the semantic valence level of action verb in Indonesian language are (a) Agentive-Verb-Object- (Location), (b) Agentive-Verb-Object-Benefactive, (c) Agentive-Verb-Benefactive–Object, (d) Experience-Verb-Object, (e) Experience-Verb-Object-(Time), (f) Experience-Verb-Object-(Location), (g) Agentive-Verb-Location, (h) Agentive-Verb-Location-(Time), (i) Instrument-Verb-Location, and (j) Instrument-Verb-Object. The semantic role marker valence level of action verb in Indonesian language  are (a) proposition : oleh as the role of Agentive, (b) proposition : untuk and kepada as the role of Benefactive; (c) preposition : di, ke, and dari as  the role of Location; (d) preposition pada and nomina which indicates time as the role of Time; (e) proposition: dengan as the role of Instrument; and (f) proposition : dari as the role of Source.


Kata Kunci


action verbs form, affixes of action verbs, semantic level, and semantic role maker

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Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa Yogyakarta