EFL Instructional Process and 2018 Examination Writing for Junior High School in Yogyakarta

Nanik Supriani, Hanandyo Dardjito

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This case study aims to reveal the English teaching and learning process especially to prepare the students to face the Indonesian final examination, and how examination designer develop the tests. The research were carried out in some schools in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. According to Nation and McCalister (2010), in developing a curriculum there is an inner and outer circle. In the outer circle, there are needs, environment and principles as factors to develop the goals containing the content, format and presentation and monitoring and assessing. In 2018, the schools applied different curriculum; Kurikulum 2006 and 2013. As discovered, there is absence of language forms coverage in the content of curriculum of 2013. Such a content will probably create different mastery of language forms among learners. In this way, the national or reginal examination of English will possibly contain texts the language forms of which are beyond the learners’ mastery. The data were collected by interviewing the subjects and then analyzed using thematic analysis. Seven themes were emerged from the data as follows (a) Multiple choice test practice (b) Recognising test format (c) Teachers’ Challenge in selecting texts (d) Unfamiliar words (e) Sentence pattern challenge (f) Curriculum mixture (g) Test Designers’ Challenge in selecting texts. Keywords: EFL, exam, junior high school, process

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