Supplementary speaking materials using task based language teaching for primary school in Yogyakarta context
Keywords:English speaking materials, young learners, task based language teaching
This research is aimed to develop supplementary speaking materials for fifth grade students. Belonging to educational research and development (R&D), this research employed a simplified six steps of Borg and Gallâ€™s model (1983). The six steps are as follow (1) conducting needs analysis, (2) constructing course grid, (3) developing course grid based on the combination of the 2006 Curriculum (KTSP) and the result of the needs analysis for young learners. The English speaking material was designed based on the principles of Language Curriculum Design proposed by Nation & Macalister (2010) and task-based language teaching proposed by Willis (2003) (4) the tryout of the course grid to the fifth grade students at SD Kanisius Ganjuran Bantul, (5) evaluation and revision of course grid by the experts, and (6) final product. The finding shows that the product relies much on pertaining KD of the 2006 Curriculum and the teacher expected that the students need to improve speaking skill since they have opportunity to speak English. English speaking materials are in line with studentâ€™s wants who are young learners. The strengths of this product help students to improve their speaking skill especially the vocabularies, the language function used in spoken language. The tasks can fascinate the students on teaching and learning process of English lesson.
Borg, W.R. & Gall, M.D. (1983). Educational Research : An Introduction, Fifth Edition. New York: Longman.
Breen, M. P. (1987). Contemporary paradigms in syllabus design, part I. Language Teaching, 20(2), 81-91.
Brown, H.D. (2001). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language teaching pedagogy. White Plains, NY- Pearson Education.
Diptoadi, V. L. (2016). Transformations in the English classroom. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 7. http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/679
Diptoadi, V.L. (1997). â€œPassiveâ€ teacher vs active learners: A dilemma? A Paper presented at the 1997 RELC Seminar, Singapore.
Ellis, R. (2003). Task-based language Learning and Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jarolimek & Foster. (1989). Teaching and learning in the elementary school,8th Edition. New York: Pearson.
Klein. K. (2005). Teaching young learners. English Teaching Forum. 43(1). 12-17.
Nation I.S.P & Macalister, J. (2010). Language Curriculum Design. New York: Routledge.
Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English Language Teaching. New York : Mc Graw Hill Companies
Nunan, D. (2004). Task Based Language Teaching. New York : Cambridge University Press.
Pinter, A. (2006). Teaching Young Language Learners. New York: Oxford University Press.
Prabhu, N. S. (1987). Second language pedagogy. A perspective, Oxford:Oxford University Press.
Richard, J. C., & Rodgers, T. S. (2001). Approaches and methods in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Richards, J C. (2006). Curriculum Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Richards, J. C., & Renandya, W.A. (2002). Methodology in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sary, F. P. (2015). The portrait of teaching English as a foreign language for young learners. English Review: Journal of English Education, 1(1), 17-26. https://journal.uniku.ac.id/index.php/ERJEE/article/view/69
Skehan, P. (1998). A cognitive approach to language learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Willis, J. (1996). A framework for task-based learning. London : Addison Wesley Longman.
Willis, J. (2003). A framework for task-based learning. London : Addison Wesley Longman