Towards A Conceptual Pramework for Educational Innovation in Fulfilling Students Diversity in the Era of 4.0


  • Hafiz Hanif Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Mahizer Hamzah Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Malaysia, Malaysia


education innovation, technology, student diversity, industrial revolution


This paper proposes a conceptual framework to transform the current educational practices found in schools into a neoteric and dynamic practices. The paper begins with discussing the idea behind education, highlighting the changes (or lack thereof) it faced in the advent of industrial age revolutions (the Fourth Industrial Revolution). It then proceeded to explain the problem that stems from the rapid changes in technology and the industry, and how that affected the education field. The paper then illustrates the usefulness of a conceptual framework adapted from Salmon's (2014) framework for learning innovation, to be mapped onto the existing practices in schools. The four quadrants of the transformative framework highlight a range of possible steps and practices that can help educators to determine the appropriate measures in innovating their practice. The paper concludes by noting the tensions and future directions.

Author Biographies

Hafiz Hanif, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Malaysia

Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

Mahizer Hamzah, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Malaysia

Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris


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