Learner-Centered and Problem Based Learning
Student-Centered is closely related to the information Processing Theory which then known as Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) Information to he meaningful and relevant, it must build upon learner prior knowledge and help learners to construct cognitive connection between what they already know and what they are being asked to learn. By student-centered learning, it would emerge meaningful learning, discovery learning, intentional learning deep learning and experiential learning. In addition, the he constructivist assumes that knowledge is constructed by learners as they attempt to make sense of they experience. Constructivist theory that forms the basis of the learner-centered approach, it emphasizes the importance of active and reflective nature of learning and the learner. The learnerâ€™s internal mental stages were promoted such as: motivation, their own learning goals and their pursuit of knowledge is supported from interaction with others. Thus, learning is an individual as well as a social and collaborative process. it is a shared and collaborative activity between the teachers and the students. On Problem-Based Learning (PBL), these problems simulate actual problems that are likely to be â€˜faced by the students in their professional life, it is contextual. Students engage in group activity and discovery learning and develop problem solving and critical thinking skill. Thus the knowledge which is valued in problem-based learning is that which can be used in context rather than that which justifies the structure of particular disciplines. The important point that problem-based learning is one of few approaches to study which makes active use students exiling knowledge. Personally, Iâ€˜m always ready to learn, although I do not always like being tought.