Development and Implementation Of Educational Curriculum in Indonesia
AbstrakMany understandings about the educational curriculum; while in this paper, what is meant by the educational curriculum is a set of subjects and educational programs provided by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia containing the design of lessons for students in schools and madrasas in Indonesia. The educational curriculum has a strategic position in the effort to develop education because the educational curriculum provides the direction of education itself. The educational curriculum also has a strategic position in an effort to improve the quality of education because the educational curriculum does not only contain the subject matter but also educational programs planned and (must) be carried out by the education providers. In the development and implementation of the educational curriculum, Indonesia has an interesting experience; from the "makeshift" curriculum for example the Curriculum 1947 to the "intact" example of the Curriculum 2007 or the Education Unit Level Curriculum or Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP); from patchwork such as the Curriculum 1950 to the standard ones such as the Curriculum 1984 or the Active Student Learning or Cara Belajar Siswa Aktif (CBSA), even from non-political ones such as the Curriculum 1947 to the highly political ones such as the Curriculum 1968. Other interesting experiences in the development and implementation of educational curriculum in Indonesia are, from those planned (by design), for example the Curriculum 2004 or Competency-Based Curriculum or Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (KBK) to those that are not planned (nondesign), for example the Curriculum 2013 or Kurikulum 2013 or K-13.