Development Of Early Children's Cognitive Test Instruments
The research was carried out with the aim of: (1) obtaining an early childhood cognitive ability test instrument aged 5 to 6 years of multiple choice types according to the standard (2). Knowing the cognitive ability level of Kemala Bhayangkari kindergarten children 82 in Magelang city aged 5 to 6 years. The test instrument development activities included the preparation of test grids, writing test items, validation investigations and test reliability (test quality) and assessment of cognitive abilities of early childhood 5 to 6 years. Research Instrument development is carried out in the ongoing thematic learning process. The location of this development research is in Kemala Bhayangkari 82 Kindergarten, Magelang City. Respondents involved were Kemala Bhayangkari kindergarten students aged 5 to 6 years who attended learning until 12 noon, with a total of 30 students. Data collection techniques in this study with test techniques and using research instruments in the form of tests that have been developed with a number of 20 items. Data analysis techniques are quantitative descriptive, with the help of anates program v.4. The results of the analysis are presented in the table to illustrate the quality of the items and histograms on the cognitive ability test results of 30 TK Kemala Bhayangkari 82 children aged 5 to 6 years. The results of this study are: (1) it is known that the quality of the items as follows is very significant as many as 8 items in percent are 40% very significant, significant as many as 6 items in percent are 30% and 6 items are not significant in 30% percent. So that 14 items are valid and can be used, 6 invalid items are invalid and cannot be used. Average = 15.37, standard intersection = 3.56. Test Reliability = 0.78. (2) The level of cognitive abilities of the Kemala Bhayangkari Kindergarten 82 children in Magelang city aged 5 to 6 years are in the good category, 50%.
Keywords: test instrument, cognitive, age 5 to 6 years.