Model Penguatan Kelembagaan Lokal dalam Penanggulangan Kemiskinan di Wilayah Perbatasan RI-DTL


  • Dominikus Mau Bele Universitas Brawijaya
  • Sanggar Kanto Universitas Brawijaya
  • Edi Susilo Universitas Brawijaya



The RI-RDTL border became an area of conflict between the communities in Makir Village and Lamaksenulu Village. This conflict often results in several criminal acts such as burglary, theft of livestock, confiscation of water to rice fields. Coupled with low physical development conditions, for example, the unavailability of clean water and heavily damaged road access, increase the poverty rate. This conflict factor is also caused by the lack of attention from the government, both in terms of education. Through this case study, the social reality of the border conflict in the RI-RDTL Border Region of the Belu Regency will be revealed. By using the theory of democracy as a theoretical framework, the purpose of this study is to propose a model for strengthening local institutions in disaster management. Data collection techniques used in this study include observation, interviews, and documentation. Focus Group Discussions (FGD) using technical comparison data were also conducted to increase the validity of the data obtained. The findings of this study are in the form of a model for strengthening local indigenous peoples' institutions in the form of Ti'sian Tak Ni'an in Makir and Lamaksenulu Villages. This model is expected to create a sense of togetherness, mutual cooperation, and community participation in sustainable development planning. Empowerment and capacity building of these communities can encourage them to lead a better and more prosperous life.

Author Biography

Dominikus Mau Bele, Universitas Brawijaya

“ Fortiter in re suaviter in modoâ€

(Kokoh kuat dalam prinsip, luwes lembut cara mencapainya)



Alkire, S., Oldiges, C., & Kanagaratnam, U. (2021). Examining multidimensional poverty reduction in India 2005/6–2015/16: Insights and oversights of the headcount ratio. World Development, 142, 105454.

Bungin, B. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media.

Cheng, X. yu, Wang, J. ying, & Chen, K. Z. (2021). Elite capture, the “follow-up checks†policy, and the targeted poverty alleviation program: Evidence from rural western China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(4), 880–890.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th edition). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Cuartas, J., Grogan-Kaylor, A., Ma, J., & Castillo, B. (2019). Civil conflict, domestic violence, and poverty as predictors of corporal punishment in Colombia. Child Abuse and Neglect, 90(July 2018), 108–119.

Fathoni, H. S., Setyowati, A. B., & Prest, J. (2021). Is community renewable energy always just? Examining energy injustices and inequalities in rural Indonesia. Energy Research and Social Science, 71(October 2020), 101825.

Goldschmidt, N., Zweynert, J., Nerré, B., & Schuß, H. (2006). Culture and Economics. Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, 41, 176–199.

Guiso, L., Sapienza, P., & Zingales, L. (2006). Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20, 23–48.

Habtewold, T. M. (2021). Impact of climate-smart agricultural technology on multidimensional poverty in rural Ethiopia. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(4), 1021–1041.

Hanif, M., Hartono, Y., & Wibowo, A. M. (2019). The Internalization of Dongkrek Value to Strengthen Cultural Resilience. Research, Society and Development, 8(9), e40891317–e40891317.

Hariyadi. (2008). Pengelolaan Perbatasan Republik Indonesia (RI) – Timor Leste (RDTL) dalam Perspektif Kebijakan Publik. 13(3).

Hartoyo, H. (2019). Muakhi (Brotherhood) and its practices related to preventing communal conflict in multicultural societies. Masyarakat, Kebudayaan Dan Politik, 32(3), 227–239.

Jauhari, H., & Periansya, P. (2021). Economic Growth, Poverty, Urbanization, and the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Indonesia: Analysis of Cointegration and Causality. Binus Business Review, 12(2). Retrieved from

Kertawibawa, B. B., & Harun, I. B. (2012). Migration and Changing Desa-Kota Interaction. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 50(July), 55–68.

KoÄousková, H., & Lehotský, L. (2021). Energy poverty in the Czech Republic: Individual responsibility or structural issue? Energy Research & Social Science, 72(November 2020), 101877.

Kolne, Y. (2014). Implementasi Perjanjian Perbatasan RI – Rdtl Dalam Upaya Penyelesaian Masalah Perbatasan (Studi Kasus Di Kabupaten Ttu – RI Dengan Distrik Oecusse-rdtl). Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Undip, 5(1), 100–114.

Latief, M. I., Hasbi, & Amandaria, R. (2021). Collaboration in handling COVID-19 toward people in poverty line: Study case in Makassar. Gaceta Sanitaria, 35, S30–S32.

LEI, M., YUAN, X. yu, & YAO, X. yan. (2021). Synthesize dual goals: A study on China’s ecological poverty alleviation system. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(4), 1042–1059.

Lexy J Moleong. (2009). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakaya.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldaña, J. (2013). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, Califorinia: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Moatsos, M., Lazopoulos, A., Bourguignon, F., Ravallion, M., Ferreira, F., Lakner, C., … Van, B. (2021). Global poverty: A first estimation of its uncertainty ☆. World Development Perspectives, 22, 100315.

Mulyawan, R. (2013). Implementasi Kebijakan Pembangunan Bidang Pertahanan Di Kawasan Perbatasan Indonesia – Timor Leste (Studi Kasus Di Kabupaten Belu Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur). Jurnal IJAD, 3(1).

Rachmawati, I., & Djalaludin, F. (2016). Model of Indonesia-Timor Leste Land Border Management by Optimizing the Cross-Border Post in Belu Regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Global Strategis, 10(1), 1–14.

Rohilie, H. F. (2020). State Security and Human Security In Border Management. Jurnal Academia Praja, 3(01), 23–36.

Schaafsma, M., Eigenbrod, F., Gasparatos, A., Gross-Camp, N., Hutton, C., Nunan, F., … Turner, K. (2021). Trade-off decisions in ecosystem management for poverty alleviation. Ecological Economics, 187(April), 107103.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta, CV.

Sulistianingsih, D., Prabowo, M. S., & Pujiono, P. (2019). Cultural Conflicts: How to Overcome Them? Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 10(8), 2533-2541-2533–2541.

Teturan, Y. E., Suwitri, S., Warella, Y., & Warsono, H. (2019). The Management of Border Area Between Indonesia Republic and Papua New Guinea in Sota Region of Merauke District. PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, 3(1), 18–31.

Umar, M., & Tumiwa, J. F. (2020). Internalization of Multicultural Values through the Education Process in Manado State University. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies, 2(8).

Wekke, I. S., & Cahaya, A. (2015). Fishermen Poverty and Survival Strategy: Research on Poor Households in Bone Indonesia. Procedia Economics and Finance, 26(15), 7–11.

Wrihatnolo dan Dwidjowijoto. (2007). Manajemen Pemberdayaan. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.

Zhang, D., Wang, W., Zhou, W., Zhang, X., & Zuo, J. (2020). The effect on poverty alleviation and income increase of rural land consolidation in different models: A China study. Land Use Policy, 99(March), 104989.



2021-08-02 — Updated on 2021-08-10