Maternal Mortality in the District of Uzumba in Zimbabwe

Maybe Zengenene(1*)
(1) Universitas Airlangga
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30738/sosio.v6i2.6725

Abstract

Maternal mortality is among the neglected problem in the District of Uzumba, Zimbabwe. This qualitative study therefore, explores the patriarchal hegemonies embedded in the socio-cultural harmful practices, traditions, beliefs, values and norms associated with maternal mortality in Uzumba district. These have been neglected in the reduction initiatives of maternal mortality. The originality of this study lies in the use of primary data through interviews and observation methods on the key informants and significant. Snowballing technique was employed in this study to select the key informants and significant others. The study have also benefited from the proliferation of secondary data on the social phenomena of maternal mortality across the globe. The results of the study showed that, despite the medical related causes of maternal mortality, the non-medical aspects such as patriarchal hegemonies in the socio-cultural practices, beliefs, traditions, norms, values and perceptions play a significant role in escalating maternal mortality especially in Uzumba district, Zimbabwe. The article therefore, recommends that maternal mortality reduction needs more of a holistic approach of medical and non-medical initiatives as it is still the major problem in Zimbabwe’s rural communities. Therefore, maternal mortality can be addressed and reduced within the socio-cultural context as shown in Uzumba district, Zimbabwe.

References


Afifah, T et al. (2016). Maternal Death in Indonesia: Follow-Up Study of the 2010 Indonesia Population Census. Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi, 7(1), 1–13.

Apanga, P. A & Awoonor-Williams, J. K. (2018) Maternal Death in Rural Ghana: A Case Study in the Upper East Region of Ghana. Front. Public Health 6:101. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2018.00101

Berg, L. B & Howard L. (2015). Qualitative Research Methods for Social Sciences 9th ed. Boston

Bhattacherjee, A. (2012). "Social Science Research: Principles, Methods, and Practices". Textbooks Collection. 3. http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/oa_textbooks/3

Chinwe, L. M. (2012). Socio-cultural factors as correlates of maternal mortality in Edo South Senatorial District, Nigeria. Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction 1(4): 315-317. www.elsevier.com/locate/apjr

D’Ambruoso, L., Byass, P., Qomariyah, S. N., & Ouédraogo, M. (2010). A lost cause? Extending verbal autopsy to investigate biomedical and socio-cultural causes of maternal death in Burkina Faso and Indonesia. Social Science & Medicine, 71(10), 1728–1738. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.05.023

Darmstadt, G. L., Marchant, T., Claeson, M., Brown, W., Morris, S., Donnay, F., … Schellenberg, J. (2013). A strategy for reducing maternal and newborn deaths by 2015 and beyond. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 13(1). doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-216

Engin-U, Y et al. (2019). Changing trends in the Turkish maternal deaths, with a focus on direct and indirect causes. European Journal of Obstetrics and amp; Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.12.031

Grepina, Karen A. et al. (2015). Maternal education and child mortality in Zimbabwe. Journal of Health Economics 44 (97–117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2015.08.003

Gutschow, K (2015). Going Beyond the Numbers: Maternal Death Reviews in India. Medical Anthropology, DOI: 10.1080/01459740.2015.1101460

Hadley, M. B., & Tuba, M. (2011). Local problems; local solutions: an innovative approach to investigating and addressing causes of maternal deaths in Zambia’s Copperbelt. Reproductive Health, 8(1). doi:10.1186/1742-4755-8-17

Hagman, M. (2013). Maternal Mortality: Gender and Access to Health Services The Case of Ghana. Journal of Politics & International Studies, Vol. 9.

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3d69/b035fc29addd8b98ab72f58aab3f311b0e3f.pdf, (accessed 24/01/2020)

Earl, B. (2014). The basic of Social Research 7th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning

Hamal et al. (2018). How do accountability problems lead to maternal health inequities? A review of qualitative literature from Indian public sector. Public Health Reviews. Vol 39 (9). DOI 10.1186/s40985-018-0081-z.

Harimanana, A., Barennes, H., & Reinharz, D. (2010). Organizational analysis of maternal mortality reduction programs in Madagascar. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 26(3), e186–e196. doi:10.1002/hpm.1077

Huda, F. A et al. (2012). Profile of Maternal and Foetal Complications during Labour and Delivery among Women Giving Birth in Hospitals in Matlab and Chandpur, Bangladesh. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 30. (2) 131-142.

Illah, E., Mbaruku, G., Masanja, H., & Kahn, K. (2013). Women’s Health and Action Research Centre ( WHARC ) Causes and Risk Factors for Maternal Mortality in Rural Tanzania - Case of Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance Site ( HDSS ). African Journal of Reproductive Health. Vol. 17, No. 3. 119-130. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23485719

Jithesh, V & Sundari Ravindran, S. (2016). Social and health system factors contributing to maternal deaths in a less developed district of Kerala, India. Journal of Reproductive Health and Medicine. Volume 2(2). 26-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrhm.2015.12.003

Kiliswa, Judith. (2014). The effects of socio-cultural factors on maternal death in Tanzania: A case of Maketete District Njimbe Region. A dissertation Submitted in fulfilment for the Requairements for the Degree of Masters in Social Work of the Open University of Tanazania.

Kumar, R. (2011). Research Methodology a step-by-step guide for beginners. London: SAGE

Loewenson, R., Sanders, D., & Davies, R. (1991). Challenges to equity in health and health care: A Zimbabwean case study. Social Science & Medicine, 32(10), 1079–1088. doi:10.1016/0277-9536(91)90083-o

MacDorman, M. et al. (2018). Trends in Texas maternal mortality by maternal age, race/ethnicity, and cause of death, 2006-2015. Birth. 1‐9. https://doi. org/10.1111/birt.12330

Mangla K, et al. (2019). Maternal Self-Harm Deaths: An Unrecognized and Preventable Outcome, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.056.

Mlambo, C., Chinamo, C., & Zingwe, T. (2013). An Investigation of the Causes of Maternal Mortality in Zimbabwe. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. doi:10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n14p615

Mnyani, C. N et al. (2017). Trends in maternal deaths in HIV-infected women, on a background of changing HIV management guidelines in South Africa: 1997 to 2015.Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017, 20:e25022 | https://doi.org/10.1002/jia2.25022

Moazzeni, M. S. (2013). Maternal Mortality in the Islamic Republic of Iran: On Track and in Transition. Maternal and Child Health Journal 17(4). DOI: 10.1007/s10995-012-1043-6

Muoghalu, C. O. (2010). Socio-economic and cultural factors in maternal mortality in Nigeria. http://www.readperiodicals.com.

Niehof, A. (2014). Traditional birth attendants and the problem of maternal mortality in Indonesia. Pacific Affairs, Vol 87 (4). 693–713. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43592446

Odekunle. Florence, Femi. (2016). Maternal Mortality Burden: The Influence of Socio-Cultural Factors. International Journal of Health Sciences & Research. Vol.6 (12). 321. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311510450

Population Council. (2011), Trends in Maternal Mortality, 1990—2008: Population and Development Review. Vol. 37. (1). 211-214. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23043277

Pramono. R. B E. (2013). Wome’s Silent Resistance against hegemony in the Scarlet Letter, Bekisar Merah and Belantik. Humaniora. Vol 25 (2). 151-162. https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/jurnal-humaniora/article/view/2358/2123

Round Up Maternal health. (2010). Reproductive Health Matters Cosmetic surgery, body image and sexuality. Taylor & Francis, Ltd Vol. 18. (35). 192-196. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25767349

Ryder, B & Soewardjono. (2019). Studies in Family Planning East Asia Review. Population Council. Vol 3 (7). 128–132). https://www.jstor.org/stable/1965228.

Sara, J et al. (2019). Determinants of Maternal Death in a Pastoralist Area of Borena Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Unmatched Case-Control Study. Obstetrics and Gynecology International Volume., 2-9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/5698436

Shamaki1, M., A & Amriah Buang, A. (2014). Sociocultural practices in maternal health among women in a less developed economy: An overview of Sokoto State, Nigeria, Malaysian Journal of Society and Space. Vol 10 (6). 1 - 14 ISSN 2180-2491

Thomsen, S., et al. (2017). Promoting equity to achieve maternal and child health. Reproductive Health Matters (RHM). Vol. 19 (38), 176–182. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41409190

UN Women. (2019). Module 9 Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

UNICEF Indonesia. Maternal and Newborn Health Disparities, https://data.unicef.org/wp-content/uploads/country_profiles/Indonesia/country%20profile_IDN.pdf, accessed 26/12/19

UNICEF, Zimbabwe. (2015). Maternal and New-born Health Disparities, Key Facts https://data.unicef.org/wpcontent/uploads/country_profiles/Zimbabwe/country%20profile_ZWE.pdf., accessed 28/12/19

United Nations in Zimbabwe Periodic Publication Paper 1 (2013). Issue Paper Series Maternal Mortality in Zimbabwe Evidence, Costs and Implications http://www.zw.one.un.org/sites/default/files/UN-ZW_IssuePaperSeries-1_MMR_June2013.pdf, accessed 28/12/19

Uzabakiriho, B. (2019). Causes of maternal death at Natalspruit Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa. S Afr Med J. Vol 109 (6):412-414. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i6.13215

Walliman, N. (2011). Research Methods the Basics. London: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.

Yamin, A. E et al. (2015). Tracing shadows: How gendered power relations shape the impacts of maternal death on living children in sub Saharan Africa. Social Science & Medicine 135 (2). 143-150 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.04.033


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 117 times
PDF views : 41 times

The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off

Full Text: PDF

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 SOSIOHUMANIORA: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Sosial Dan Humaniora