• Ratna Hidayah Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
  • Moh. Salimi
  • Tri Saptuti Susiani Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia



critical thinking skill, concept, indicator assessments.


The world development of the 21st century is marked by the progress and the demands of technologies, which may lead to regression. Life in the 21st century demands a person to master a range of skills. One of the important skills in the 21st century is critical thinking skill. This study focuses on the definition, importance, challenges in developing indicators and assessment of critical thinking skills. Critical thinking skill is the ability to think logically, reflectively, productively and systematically appeared in making consideration and making the best decision. Critical thinking skills are beneficial in improving the analysis skill, creativity, ability to make use of ideas or information, and looking for information skill as well as self-reflection. Learning can do the development of learners’ critical thinking skills. An important indicator in the critical thinking skills is interpreting which about an ability dealing with studying or analyzing, identifying the relevant or irrelevant sources, identifying and evaluating the assumptions, implementing various strategies to make the appropriate decisions, summarizing and regulating themselves.

Author Biography

Moh. Salimi

Universitas Sebelas Maret


Alec, F. 2009. Berpikir Kritis. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Barry, M. 2012. What skills will you need to succeed in the future? Phoenix Forward (online). Tempe, AZ, University of Phoenix.

Bonnie dan Potts. 2003. Strategies for Teaching Critical Thinking. Practical Assesment, Research & Evaluation.

Ennis, R.H. 1995. Critical Thinking. New York: Prentice Hall.

Garnison. D. R., Anderson, T. & Archer, W. 2001. Critical Thinking and Computer Conferencing: A Model and Tool to Assess Cognitive Presence. CogPres_Final.pdf.

Facione, P. A., Sánchez, C. A., Facione, N. C., & Gainen, J. 2010. The disposition toward critical thinking. Journal of General Education, 44 (1), 1-25.

Patricia, C. S. 2010. Thinking Critically. Journal Aorn Volume 91 No 2. Hlm. 197-199.

Johnson, E. 2006. Contextual Teaching and Learning. Bandung: MLC.

Frydenberg, M., & Andone, D. 2011. Learning for 21 st Century Skills, 314–318.

Tilaar H.A.R. (2011). Pedagogik Kritis, Perkembangan, substansi, dan Perkembangannya di Indonesia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Hani, N, F,. 2015. Tenaga Kerja Idonesia Terancam Robot.

Trilling, B. and Fadel, C. 2009. 21st Century Skills: Learning for Life in Our Times. San Francisco: Calif., Jossey-Bass/John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

________________. 2016. Kualitas Tenaga Kerja Terancam.

P21. 2007a. the Intellectual and Policy Foundations of the 21st Century Skills Framework. Washington DC: Partnership for 21st Century Skills.

Ryan D., S. 2015. How Critical Is Critical Thinking?. Michigan State University: East Lansing.

Redecker, C., et al. 2011.The Future of Learning: Preparing for Change. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Richard, P & Linda, E. 2012.Critical Thinking: Competency Standards Essential to the Cultivation of Intellectual Skills, Part 5. Journal of developmental education Volume 36, Issue 1.

Wagner, T. 2010. Overcoming The Global Achievement Gap (online). Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University.

Waraporn, B, W., Kowat Tesaputa & Sri, A. 2017. Program Development for Primary School Teachers’ Critical Thinking. International Education Studies; Vol. 10, No. 2; 2017 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education.

Wina, S. 2008. Strategi Pembelajaran Berorientasi Standar Proses Pendidikan. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Yasushi, G. 2016. Development of Critical Thinking with Metacognitive Regulation. International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA 2016). Niigata University.



How to Cite

Hidayah, R., Salimi, M., & Susiani, T. S. (2017). CRITICAL THINKING SKILL: KONSEP DAN INIDIKATOR PENILAIAN. Taman Cendekia: Jurnal Pendidikan Ke-SD-an, 1(2), 127–133.




Citation Check