Optimalisasi desain seat and back cushion pada kursi roda adaptif nasional Indonesia

Authors

  • Bayu Rahmat Setiadi Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Apri Nuryanto Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Ishartiwi Ishartiwi Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Angga Damayanto Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30738/jtvok.v10i1.12720

Keywords:

seat cushion, back cushion, adaptif wheelchair, ASTM A36, Al A356

Abstract

Kebutuhan kursi roda di Indonesia sangat tinggi namun dalam pemenuhannya masih impor. Kursi roda adaptif lokal mengalami kekalahan pasar di dalam negeri karena beberapa permasalahan dalam produksi seat and back cushion. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi kursi roda adaptif lokal yang ada saat ini dan mengembangkan desain baru untuk mendapatkan efisiensi dan efektivitas produksi. Reverse engineering merupakan langkah tercepat untuk melakukan evaluasi desain kursi roda adaptif lokal di Indonesia. Pembongkaran dan redesain ulang seat and back cushion kursi roda adaptif lokal dilakukan untuk mendapatkan perbandingan apabila material ASTM A36 diganti dengan Al A356, serta desain dan ukuran yang diminimalisir proses manufakturingnya. Hasil dari desain dan simulasi seat and back cushion kursi roda adaptif lokal memberikan nilai komparasi perubahan yang signifikan. Penggunaan Al A356 dan inovasi desain terbaru mampu mengurangi proses produksi dan alur produksi yang lebih ringkas dan efisien. Bobot material berkurang hingga 50%. Penggantian material ASTM A36 pada Seat and Back Cushion dengan Al A356 serta desain yang sederhana dapat memberikan pengaruh terhadap kekuatan material, keamanan, dan menekan biaya produksi.

References

Armstrong, W., Borg, J., Krizack, M., Lindsley, A., Mines, K., Pearlman, J., Reisinger, K., & Sheldon, S. (2008). Guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less resourced settings. World Health Organization.

Borg, J. (2011). Assistive technology,Human Rights and Poverty. In Lund University Faculty of Medicine. Johan Borg and The Respective Publishers.

Bryant, D. P., & Bryant, B. R. (2013). Assistive Technology for People with Disabilities. In Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling (Vol. 53, Issue 9). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Budai, M., Farrell, E., & Michael, E. (2018). Manual Wheelchair Configuration and Seating Considerations in the Spinal Cord Injury Population. Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports, 6(3), 204–211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40141-018-0195-8

Dicianno, B. E., Arva, J., Lieberman, J. M., Schmeler, M. R., Souza, A., Phillips, K., Lange, M., Cooper, R., Davis, K., & Betz, K. L. (2009). RESNA position on the application of tilt, recline, and elevating legrests for wheelchairs. Assistive Technology. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400430902945769

Global Disability Innovation (GDI) Hub. (2018). Assistive Technology Scoping Research. https://www.disabilityinnovation.com/uploads/images/GDI-Hub-Assistive-Technology-Scoping-Research.compressed.pdf

Juul-Kristensen, B., Bech, C., Liaghat, B., Cools, A. M., Olsen, H. B., Søgaard, K., & Larsen, C. M. (2020). Assessment of shoulder rotation strength, muscle co-activation and shoulder pain in tetraplegic wheelchair athletes–A methodological study. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 0(0), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2020.1803659

Keep the big picture in mind | Agency for Clinical Innovation. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2021, from https://aci.health.nsw.gov.au/networks/spinal-cord-injury/spinal-seating/module-10/keep-the-big-picture-in-mind

Lancioni, G. E., Sigafoos, J., O’Reilly, M. F., & Singh, N. N. (2013). Assistive Technology: Interventions for Individuals with Severe/Profound and Multiple Disabilities. https://doi.org/DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-3253-1

Mandy, A., Stew, G., & Michaelis, J. (2011). User Evaluation Of The Neater Uni-Wheelchair In The Home Environment: An Exploratory Pilot Study. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 18(4), 231–236. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12968/ijtr.2011.18.4.231

Moll, L. R., & Cott, C. A. (2013). The paradox of normalization through rehabilitation: Growing up and growing older with cerebral palsy. Disability and Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2012.726689

Purnomo, S., & Triyono, M. B. (2018). Efektifitas Technopreneurship Dengan Model Pembelajaran Cooperative Learning By Technopreneur For SMK Untuk Siswa Di SMK. TAMAN VOKASI. https://doi.org/10.30738/jtvok.v6i1.2972

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 8 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penyandang Disabilitas, Kementrian Hukum dan HAM (2016).

Sim, J. (2019). Development of a Wheelchair Cushion Cover With Microclimate.

Stinson, M. D., Crawford, S. A., & Porter-Armstrong, A. P. (2008). Interface pressure measurements: Visual interpretation of pressure maps with MS clients. Disability and Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638280701400409

WHO. (2008). Guidelines on the provision of Manual Wheelchairs in less resourced settings. In WHO.

World Health Organization. (2016). Priority Assistive Products List. The GATE Initiative, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2017.02.018

Published

07/30/2022

How to Cite

Setiadi, B. R. ., Nuryanto, A. ., Ishartiwi, I., & Damayanto, A. . (2022). Optimalisasi desain seat and back cushion pada kursi roda adaptif nasional Indonesia. Jurnal Taman Vokasi, 10(1), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.30738/jtvok.v10i1.12720

Issue

Section

Artikel

Citation Check