Analisis kebutuhan pengguna alat bantu berkendara sepeda motor tunarungu dengan metode quality function deployment

Patrisius Edi Prasetyo(1*), Ag. Eko Susetyo(2)
(1) Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
(2) Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30738/jtv.v8i1.6059

Abstract

Tunarungu memiliki keterbatasan tidak mampu merespon isyarat suara dengan baik seperti sirine dan klakson saat berkendara di jalan raya, terutama tunarungu berat dan tuli. Beberapa desain sebelumnya telah dibuat untuk pengemudi mobil bagi tuna rungu, namun proses desain tidak didasarkan pada kebutuhan pengguna dan hanya didasarkan pada asumsi desainer. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi kebutuhan dan spesifikasi desain dan target untuk alat bantu berkendara sepeda motor bagi tunarungu. Proses desain penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan metode Quality Function Deployment untuk mendapatkan kebutuhan aktual pengguna dan menerjemahkannya menjadi spesifikasi dan target teknis produk. Metode Quality Function Deployment menghasilkan 20 spesifikasi produk dengan target teknis yang spesifik yang diterjemahkan dari 15 kebutuhan pengguna. Kesimpulan pada penelitian ini bahwa 20 spesifikasi produk dengan target teknis yang spesifik memungkinkan untuk digunakan sebagai input proses desain dan pengembangan alat bantu berkendara sepeda motor tunarungu selanjutnya. ABSTRACT The Deaf person has limitations in not being able to respond to sound signals properly such as sirens and horns when driving on the highway, especially heavy hearing disorders and deaf. Several previous designs have been carried out related to car drivers for the hearing impaired, unfortunately the design process is not based on user needs and only based on designer assumptions. The aims of this paper are to identify needs and target design specifications for motorcycle assistive devices for the deaf. The design process was carried out by use Quality Function Deployment methods to obtain the actual needs of users and to translate it be specific technical specifications and targets. Quality Function Deployment method produces 20 product specifications with specific technical targets that translated from 15 user needs. Conclusion can be drawn that 20 product specification with specific technical targets are possible to use as input for the next design process and development of developed motorcycle assistive device for deaf people.

Keywords


Perancangan produk; Disabilitas; Alat bantu; motorcycle driving aids; deaf persons; QFD; product specification and specific target

References


Altman, B. M. (2001). Disability definitions, models, classification schemes, and applications. Handbook of Disability Studies, 97–122.

Chin, K.-S., Yang, Q., Chan, C. Y. P., Tsui, K. L., & Li, Y. (2019). Identifying passengers’ needs in cabin interiors of high-speed rails in China using quality function deployment for improving passenger satisfaction. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 119, 326–342.

Cohen, L. (1995). Quality function deployment: how to make QFD work for you. Prentice Hall.

Garson, G. D. (2008). Reliability analysis statnotes: topics in multivariate analysis. Retrieved August, 27, 2008.

Ghozali, I. (2011). Aplikasi Analisis Multivariate Dengan Program IBM dan SPSS. Semarang: BP Universitas Diponegoro.

Griffin, A., & Hauser, J. R. (1993). The voice of the customer. Marketing Science, 12(1), 1–27.

Hernawati, T. (2007). Pengembangan kemampuan berbahasa dan berbicara anak tunarungu. Jurnal JASSI_anakku, 7(1), 101–110.

Kemenkes, R. I. (2014). Buletin Jendela Data Dan Informasi Kesehatan Situasi Penyandang Disabilitas. Kemenkes RI, Jakarta.

Kerlinger, F. N., & Lee, H. B. (2000). Foundations of behavioral research 4th ed. Holt, NY.

Lee, J. (2014). A . Ds : Aid Device for Deaf Drivers. Laceei 2014.

Mohammadi, S., & Mesgarha, S. G. (2012). Horn of Car Sensitive Controlled System for Helping Deaf Drivers and Improving Their Driving. Advanced Materials Research, 433, 6751–6754.

Organization, W. H. (2008). The global burden of disease: 2004 update. World Health Organization.

Organization, W. H. (2011). World report on disability 2011. World Health Organization.

Shaw, M. E. (1981). Group dynamics: The psychology of small group behavior. McGraw-Hill College.

Subasno, Y. (2016). MASALAH DISABILITAS DAN SOSIAL KEMASYARAKATAN DI MALANG RAYA. SAPA-Jurnal Kateketik Dan Pastoral, 1(2), 53–64.

Tudor, P., & Mihai, P. (2017). IMPROVING PRODUCT QUALITY BY USING A MANAGMENT METHOD (QFD). International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference: SGEM: Surveying Geology & Mining Ecology Management, 17, 487–494.

Wardani, G. A. K., & Hernawati, T. (2013). Astati. Pengantar Pendidikan Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Tangerang Selatan: Universitas Terbuka.

Wolniak, R. (2018). The use of QFD method advantages and limitation. Production Engineering Archives, 18.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 86 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) views : 179 times

The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off

Full Text: PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Taman Vokasi