• Abdul Rahim Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa, Indonesia
  • Taryatman Taryatman Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa, Indonesia



Education, Inclusion, Adaptation, Humanism, Indonesia


This article aims to describe the implementation of inclusive education through the humanism approach. The method used in writing this article is a literature study. In the context of inclusive education, learning is emphasized on cultivating sympathy, respect, appreciation, and empathy for different socio-cultural backgrounds. Therefore, through inclusive education it is hoped that it can create an environment that is friendly, fun, flexible, can foster self-confidence in students and educators who have special abilities. According to the author, inclusive education can run optimally if it is based on a humanism approach. Because this humanist educational model can instill the principle of recognizing differences in abilities and social constructs. This humanism approach is an approach that positions humans as social creatures to interact with one another and makes it a fun place for students to develop their potential for provision in people's lives. The understanding of humanism that has developed in Western countries today affects the way people perceive the existence of children and their education. This understanding views children as very valuable individuals so that all their rights must be respected and fulfilled. Every child has different potential, development, and needs. These differences must be respected. Through this humanist approach, it is hoped that it can support the implementation of inclusive education.


Download data is not yet available.


Ainscow, Mel. 2002. Understanding the Development of Inclusive Schools. Falmer Press: London.

Allan, J. 2005. Actively Seeking Inclusion Pupil with Special Needs in Mainstreams Schools. Falmer Press: London.

Alimin, Z. 2004. Reorientasi Pemahaman Konsep Pendidikan Khusus Ke Pendidikan Kebutuhan Khusus dan Implikasinya terhadap Layanan Pendidikan. Jurnal Asesmen dan Intervensi Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Vol.3 No 1 (52-63).

Arbayah. A. 2013. Model pembelajaran humanistik. Dinamika Ilmu, 13(2). 204-220.

Baharudin, B. & Makin. M. 2014. Pendidikan humanistik, konsep, teori, dan aplikasi dalam dunia pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz.

Bisshop. D. V, M. 1996. Cognotive Neurospychology and developmental disorders: Uncomfortable bedffelows. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psycholoev 50,899-923.

Delendo,J. Hugher& Dote-Kwan,J. 1998. A close look at the cognitive play of pre schoolers with viisual impairments in the home. Exceptional Children 64 451-462.

Foreman, Phil. 2002. Integration and Inclusion In Action. Mc Person Printing Group: Australia.

Johsen, Berit and Skjorten D. Miriam. 2001. Education, Special Needs Education an Intoduction. UnifubPorlag: Oslo.

Lewis, Vicky. 2003. Development and Disability. Blckwell Publishing Company: Padstow, Cornwall.

Pring, L. 1988. The "reverse-generation" effect: A comparison of memory performance between blind and sighted children. British Journal of Psychology.

Pring,L, & Mulkeren. 1992. Memory in blind and sighted children, Eroupean review of Appliede Psychology, 42,243-248

Presisler, G.M. 1997. Social and emotional development of blind children: A Longitudinal Study , in V., Lewis &G. Collis, Blindness and Psychological Development in Young Children. Liecester : BPS Books.

Roger,S. J., & Puchalski, C.B. 1986. Social smiles ofvisual impaired infants. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness.

Schellingerhout, R., Smitsman,A.W,. van Gale, G.P. 1997. Exploration of surfacefexture in conginentally blind infants. Child: care, health and Development 23,247-264.

Schneekloth, L.H. 1989. Play environment for visually impaired children. Journal of visual Impairment and Blindness, 83, 196-201.

Stubbs, Sue. 2002. Inclusive Education: Where there are few resources. The Atlas Alliance: Gronland, Oslo.

Troster, H., & Brambring, M. 1992. Early social-emotional development in blind infants. Child: Care, Health and Development, 18,207-227.

Wendra, I Wayan. 2009. Penulisan Karya Ilmiah: Buku Ajar. Singaraja: Undiksha.

Workmen, S.H. 1986. Teacher "Verbalizations and the social interaction of blind preschooler. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 80.532-534.



How to Cite

Rahim, A., & Taryatman, T. (2021). IMPELENTASI PENDIDIKAN INLUSIF DI INDONESIA: ADAPTASI PENDEKATAN HUMANISME. Trihayu: Jurnal Pendidikan Ke-SD-an, 7(3).

Citation Check