Pengembangan Media Digital STEM Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Pada Materi Hukum Archimedes


  • Adhitya Rahardhian Magister Teknologi Pendidikan FKIP Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia
  • Indri Astuti Magister Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia
  • Haratua Tiur Maria Magister Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak,, Indonesia


Critical thinking skills, STEM, Google Sites, Archimedes’ Principle


Critical thinking as 21st-century skill is important, but students' low critical thinking skills are a problem that is often found. This study aims to develop STEM digital media to improve students' critical thinking skills on Archimedes' principle. The subjects of this research included 15 validators and 42 students of SMP Negeri 2 Balai. This type of research is Research & Development (R&D) with nine steps of the Dick, Carey, & Carey instructional model. Product validation results show Aiken's V average in the design, media, and material aspects of 0.85; 0.93; and 0.89 so that the media is declared valid in each aspect. The results of formative evaluation in one-to-one evaluation, small group evaluation and field trial evaluation are categorized as very good. The N-gain value from the pretest and posttest is known to be 0.36 (moderate). The effect size of media is 2.44 (high). The implication of this research is the STEM approach combined with digital media has a positive influence on students' critical thinking skills.


Aiken, L. R. (1985). Three coefficients for analyzing the reliability and validity of ratings. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 45(1), 131–142.

Ananda, P. N., & Salamah, U. (2021). Meta Analisis Pengaruh Integrasi Pendekatan STEM Dalam Pembelajaran IPA Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Peserta Didik. Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Fisika, 7(1), 54–64.

Baukal, C. E., Ausburn, F. B., & Ausburn, L. J. (2013). A proposed multimedia cone of abstraction: Updating a classic instructional design theory. I-Manager’s Journal of Educational Technology, 9(4), 15–24.

Beers, S. Z. (2011). 21st century skills: preparing students for their future (pp. 1–6).

Bunyamin, M. A. H., Talib, C. A., Ahmad, N. J., Ibrahim, N. H., & Surif, J. (2020). Current teaching practice of physics teachers and implications for integrated STEM education. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(5A), 18–28.

Chai, C. S., Rahmawati, Y., & Jong, M. S.-Y. (2020). Indonesian science, mathematics, and engineering preservice teachers’ experiences in STEM-TPACK design-based learning. Sustainability, 12(21), 9050.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education (6th ed.). Routledge.

Committee on STEM Education. (2013). Federal science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM): Education 5-Year Strategic Plan. National Science and Technology Council.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). Sage Publication.

Crozat, S., Olivier, H., & Trigano, P. (1999). A method for evaluating multimedia learning software. Proceedings IEEE International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems, 1, 714–719.

Dick, W., Carey, C., & Carey, J. O. (2015). The systematic design of instruction (8th ed.). Pearson Education.

Duran, M., & Sendag, S. (2012). A preliminary investigation into critical thinking skills of urban high school students: Role of an IT/STEM program. Creative Education, 3(2), 241–250.

Enciso, O. L. U., Enciso, D. S. U., & Daza, M. D. P. V. (2017). Critical thinking and its importance in education: Some reflections. Rastros Rostros, 19(34), 78–88.

Facione, P., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd ed.). Pearson Education.

Gayatri, G., Rusadi, U., Meiningsih, S., Mahmudah, D., Sari, D., Kausarina, Karman, & Nugroho, A.

C. (2015). Digital citizenship safety among children and adolescents in Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Komunikasi Dan Informatika, 6(1), 1–16.

Hacioğlu, Y., & Gülhan, F. (2021). The effects of STEM education on the 7th grade students’ critical thinking skills and STEM perceptions. Journal of Education in Science, Environment and Health, 7(2), 139–155.

Hake, R. R. (1998). Interactive-engagement versus traditional methods: A six-thousand-student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses. American Journal of Physics, 66(1), 64–74.

Harsanto, B. (2014). Innovation to enhance blended learning experience: Applying google sites in higher education. Information Management and Business Review, 6(1), 17–24.

Hidayati, N., & Irmawati, F. (2019). Developing digital multimedia of human anatomy and physiology material based on STEM education. JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 5(3), 497–510.

Kartini, K. S., & Putra, I. N. T. A. (2020). Respon siswa terhadap pengembangan media pembelajaran interaktif berbasis android. Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia Indonesia, 4(1), 12–19.

Lai, E. R. (2011). Critical thinking: A literature review. Pearson’s Research Reports, 6(1), 1–49.

Lakens, D. (2013). Calculating and reporting effect sizes to facilitate cumulative science: a practical primer for t-tests and ANOVAs. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(Nov), 1–12.

Lee, S. J., & Reeves, T. (2007). Edgar Dale: A significant contributor to the field of educational technology. Educational Technology, 47(6), 56–59.

Mahbubah, K., Habibulloh, M., Hermita, N., & Samsudin, A. (2020). Measuring Critical Thinking based Multimedia on Buoyant Force Concept: A Preliminary Design. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1655(1), 012112.

Mayer, R. E. (2009). Multimedia learning (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Morrison, J. (2006). TIES STEM education monograph series: Attributes of STEM education. In Teaching Institute for Essensial Science in STEM. TIES.

Murphy, S., MacDonald, A., Danaia, L., & Wang, C. (2019). An analysis of Australian STEM education strategies. Policy Futures in Education, 17(2), 122–139.

Nuryanti, L., Zubaidah, S., & Diantoro, M. (2018). Analisis kemampuan berpikir kritis. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, Dan Pengembangan, 3(2), 155–158.

OECD. (2019). PISA 2018 results (volume I): What students know and can do: Vol. I. OECD Publishing.

Pramuji, L., Permanasari, A., & Ardianto, D. (2020). Multimedia interaktif berbasis STEM pada konsep pencemaran lingkungan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Journal of Science Education and Practice, 2(1), 1–15.

Priatna, N., LORENZİA, S., & Widodo, S. A. (2020). STEM education at junior high school mathematics course for improving the mathematical critical thinking skills. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, 8(3), 1173-1184.

Putra, F., Nur Kholifah, I. Y., Subali, B., & Rusilowati, A. (2018). 5E-Learning cycle strategy: Increasing conceptual understanding and learning motivation. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Fisika

Al-Biruni, 7(2), 171–181.

Rahardhian, A. (2019). Mari belajar tentang STEM. Kanaka Media.

Ramadannisa, R. F., & Hartina, M. M. (2021). The design of web-based learning using google sites for teaching heat and temperature topic. Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, 7(2), 107–114.

Ramos, J. L. S., Dolipas, B. B., & Villamor, B. B. (2013). Higher order thinking skills and academic performance in physics of college students: A regression analysis. International Journal of Innovative Interdisciplinary Research, 4(1), 48–60.

Rosyidah, N. D., Kusairi, S., Taufiq, A., & Affriyenni, Y. (2020). Profile of students’ critical thinking processes on the topics of Hydrostatic Pressure and Archimedes’ principle. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1511(1), 012081.

Sari, D. A. W., & Kholiq, A. (2022). Development of WEB-FIST (STEM-based physics web) to train students’ critical thinking on the topic of parabolic motion. Prisma Sains: Jurnal Pengkajian Ilmu Dan Pembelajaran Matematika Dan IPA IKIP Mataram, 10(3), 750.

Siregar, Y. E. Y., Rachmadtullah, R., Pohan, N., Rasmitadila, & Zulela, M. (2019). The impacts of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) on critical thinking in elementary school. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1175(1), 012156.

Trilling, B., & Fadel, C. (2009). 21st century skills: Learning for life in our times. Jossey-Bass A Wily Imprint.

Widodo, S. A., Ibrahim, I., Hidayat, W., Maarif, S., & Sulistyowati, F. (2021). Development of mathematical problem solving tests on geometry for junior high school students. Jurnal Elemen, 7(1), 221-231.

Winarni, J., Zubaidah, S., & H, S. K. (2016). STEM: apa, mengapa, dan bagaimana. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan IPA Pascasarjana UM (Vol. 1, pp. 976–984).




How to Cite

Rahardhian, A., Astuti, I., & Maria, H. T. (2023). Pengembangan Media Digital STEM Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Pada Materi Hukum Archimedes. Wacana Akademika: Majalah Ilmiah Kependidikan, 7(2), 233–243. Retrieved from




Citation Check