Analysis of Sociomathematical Norms in Mathematics Learning at 113 Junior High School


  • Andini Widya Ningsih Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAmka, Jakarta
  • Samsul Maarif Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka, Jakarta


Kata Kunci:

Sociomathematics, Sociomathematical Norms, Mathematics Learning


This study aims to describe the sociomatematical norms that are owned by students when learning mathematics in class. The subjects of this study were students of class VII-A Jakarta 113 Junior High School. The research method used is descriptive qualitative method. This research uses sociomatematical norms questionnaire and interview. Based on the results of the study, there were 9 students who had very good sociomatematical norms categories with a total percentage of indicators of 81% and there were 14 students who had good sociomatematical norms categories with a total percentage of indicators of 72%. The results showed that very good sociomatematical norms owned by students would affect the high results obtained by students in mathematics learning and good sociomatematical norms would affect the moderate and low results obtained by students in learning mathematics.

Biografi Penulis

Samsul Maarif, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka, Jakarta


Anderson, L. M., & Stillman, J. A. (2013). Student Teaching’s Contribution to Preservice Teacher Development: A Review of Research Focused on the Preparation of Teachers for Urban and High-Needs Contexts. Review of Educational Research, 83(1), 3–69.

Biza, I., Nardi, E., & Joel, G. (2015). Balancing Classroom Management with Mathematical Learning: Using Practice-Based Task Design in Mathematics Teacher Education. Mathematics Teacher Education and Development Journal, 17(2), 182–198.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Pearson.

De Jaegher, H., Di Paolo, E., & Gallagher, S. (2010). Can social interaction constitute social cognition? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(10), 441–447.

Edvardsson, B., Tronvoll, B., & Gruber, T. (2011). Expanding understanding of service exchange and value co-creation: A social construction approach. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 39(2), 327–339.

Fischer, E., & Reuber, A. R. (2011). Social interaction via new social media: (How) can interactions on Twitter affect effectual thinking and behavior? Journal of Business Venturing, 26(1), 1–18.

Fukawa-Connelly, T. (2012). Classroom sociomathematical norms for proof presentation in undergraduate in abstract algebra. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 31(3), 401–416.

Genlott, A. A., & Grönlund, Å. (2016). Closing the gaps - Improving literacy and mathematics by ict-enhanced collaboration. Computers and Education, 99, 68–80.

Gresham, F. M., Elliott, S. N., Vance, M. J., & Cook, C. R. (2011). Comparability of the Social Skills Rating System to the Social Skills Improvement System: Content and Psychometric Comparisons Across Elementary and Secondary Age Levels. School Psychology Quarterly, 26(1), 27.

Indriani, A., & Ardiani, F. (2019). Karakteristik Berpikir Intuitif dan Norma Sosiomatematik Siswa SMP dalam Pemecahan Masalah. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Matematika, 1(1), 310–321.

Kadir, K. (2008). Mengembangkan norma sosiomatematik (sociomathematical norms) dengan memanfaatkan potensi lokal dalam pembelajaran matematika. PYTHAGORAS: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 4(1), 74–85.

Kang, S. M., & Kim, M. K. (2016). Sociomathematical norms and the teacher’s mathematical belief: A case study from a Korean in-service elementary teacher. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 12(10).

Lopez, L. M., & Allal, L. (2007). Sociomathematical Norms And The Regulation of Problem Solving in Classroom Microcultures. International Journal of Educational Research, 46, 252–265.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, M. A., & Saldaña, J. (2013). Qualitative Data Analysis. Sage Publications.

Moutsios-rentzos, A., Shiakalli, M. A., & Zacharos, K. (2019). Supporting mathematical argumentation of pre-school children. Educational Journal of the University of Patras UNESCO Chair, 5(3).

Partanen, A. M. (2011). Challenging the School Mathematics Culture : Ethnographic Teacher Research on Social. University of Lapland.

Partanen, A. M., & Kaasila, R. (2015). Sociomathematical Norms Negotiated in the Discussions of Two Small Groups Investigating Calculus. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 13(4), 927–946.

Putri, R. I. I., Dolk, M., & Zulkardi. (2015). Professional development of PMRI teachers for introducing social norms. Journal on Mathematics Education, 6(1), 11–19.

Rizkianto, I. (2013). Norma Sosiomatematik Dalam Kelas Matematika. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Matematika Dan Pendidikan Matematika, November, 978–979.

Rofiq, A. N., Hobri, & Setiawan, T. B. (2017). Analisis Norma Sosiomatematik Dalam Pembelajaran Kolaboratif Pokok Bahasan Persamaan Linier Satu Variabel Kelas VII-B SMP Negeri 4 Jember. Kadikma, 8(2), 87–94.

Rogers, K. C., & Kosko, K. W. (2019). How elementary and collegiate instructors envision tasks as supportive of mathematical argumentation: A comparison of instructors’ task constructions. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 53, 228–241.

Ryu, S. (2011). The Appropriation of Argumentation Norms in a Classroom Community.

Schwaighofer, M., Vogel, F., Kollar, I., Ufer, S., Strohmaier, A., Terwedow, I., Ottinger, S., Reiss, K., & Fischer, F. (2017). How to combine collaboration scripts and heuristic worked examples to foster mathematical argumentation – when working memory matters. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 12(3), 281–305.

Stephan, M. (2020). Sociomathematical Norms in Mathematics Education. In Encyclopedia of Mathematics Education (pp. 802–805).

Wedege, T. (2010). Sociomathematics : a Subject Field and a Research Field. Proceedings of the Sixth International Mathematics Education and Society Conference.

Widodo, S. A., Dahlan, J. A., Harini, E., & Sulistyowati, F. (2020). Confirmatory factor analysis sosiomathematics norm among junior high school student. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 9(2), 448–455.

Widodo, S. A., Dahlan, J. A., & Turmudi. (2019). Can Sociomathematical Norms Be Developed With Learning Media? Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1315(1).

Widodo, S. A., & Purnami, A. S. (2018). Mengembangkan Norma Sosiomatematik dengan Team Accelerated Instruction. NUMERICAL: Jurnal Matematika Dan Pendidikan Matematika, 2(1), 29–48.

Yackel, E., & Cobb, P. (1996). Sociomathematical Norms, Argumentation, and Autonomy in Mathematics. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 27(4), 458–477.